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Cinema Sugar

Wednesday's Fact of the Day: motion pictures

The pioneers of actual motion pictures, Thomas A. Edison in the United States and the brothers Auguste and Louis Lumiere in France, sought to exploit their cinema machines, the Vitascope and the Cinematographe.

Thursday's Fact of the Day: sugar

Sugar is a water-soluble compound present in the sap of seed plants and the milk of mammals and making up the simplest group of carbohydrates. The most common sugar is sucrose, or table sugar. Almost all sucrose is extracted from sugarcane and sugar beets by a milling process (shredding the plants, pressing out the juice, and extracting the residues with water) or by a diffusion process (separating the sugar from the finely cut plants by dissolving it in hot water or juice). The combined liquids are clarified, concentrated through evaporation, and then seeded to induce crystallization of the sugar. Refined granulated sugar, an unusually pure commercial product, is 99.9 percent sucrose.

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